In Africa, there are over 2000 tribes with different dialects and cultures. Here is top ten largest ethnic groups in Africa.
Akan are meta-ethnicity speaking the language known as Central Tano languages. They are residing in the former Gold Coast region in what is today known as Ghana. They are majority ethnicity in Ivory Coast.
Total population-20 million
Ivory Coast-8.5 million
Majority are Christians others are Sunni Muslims.
Also known as Abyssinians are an ethnic group currently inhabiting northern and central regions of Ethiopia. The region is commonly known as Amhara Region. They speak Amharic, an Afro-Asiatic language of the Semitic branch. Amharic serves as the official language of Ethiopia.
RELIGION: Majority are Christians (Ethiopian Orthodox). Islam (Sunni). Judaism
POPULATION: 30 million
They are native to the present-day south-central and south-eastern Nigeria. The Igbo people are one of largest ethnic group in Africa. They are also highly urbanised, with some of the largest metropolitans areas, cities and towns being Onitsha, Enugu, Aba, Owerri, Orlu, Okigwe, Asaba, Awka, Nsukka, Nnewi, Umuahia, Abakaliki, Afikpo, Agbor and Arochukwu.
They are 34 million in total.
Their language is Igbo.
They are primarily Christians others practice indigenous Igbo religions and beliefs.
Numbering between 30 and 35 million people Fulani are among the largest ethnic group in Africa. They are widely dispersed across West Africa and Sahel Region.
They speak Fula language. They are found in Nigeria, Guinea, Guinera-Bissau, Cameroon, Senegal, The Gambia, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Sudan, Chad, Mauratania
Their main languages include Fula, English, Arabic and French
They are found in Ethiopia and Northern Kenya. They are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia making up about 34.5 percent of Ethiopia’s population. The total population of Oromo in Ethiopia is over 35 million people out of 102 million people in Ethiopia.
They speak Oromo, Amharic, and Tigrinya. Majority are Muslims over 50 percent others practice Ethiopian Orthodox, protestant and Traditional Religion.
The Hausa are diverse but culturally homogenous people based primarily in the Sahelian and Sudanian Daura area of northern Nigeria and south eastern Niger, with significant numbers living in parts of Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Chad, Togo, Ghana, Sudan, Gabon and Senegal. The highest of Hausa is concentrated in Nigeria and Niger.
Total population is 38 million
Their native language is Hausa
Majority are Sunni Islam about 99% and Christianity 1%
Varous Mande groups are found in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Chad, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone. They are divided into East Mande and West Mande.
They are 40 million in number
They speak Mande language
Their religions are Sunni Islam and Traditional Religions
They are found in southwestern and North-central Benin, these regions together can be called Yorubaland. They constitute over 44 million people. The majority of the population are found in Nigeria, which make up 21% of the country’s population.
They speak Yoruba language as their native language.
Their religions include Christianity, Islamic and Yoruba traditional religion
A group of people of Arabs descent, native from Middle East, presently found in Egypt sharing a common culture. They are 92 million in number. They speak Arabic. Majority are Islamic and Christianity.
Maghrebis were known in medieval times as Moors. The term Moor is derived from Mauri, the Roman name for Berbers of Mauretania, land of the Moors, the Roman name for Maghreb. Their language include Hassaniya Arabic, Algerian Arabic, Libyan Arabic, Berber languages (Riffian, Cental Atlas, Tamazight, Shilha, Zenaga, Tuareg, Tebu, Shenwa, Kabyle, Shawiya, Nafusi)
They are 110 million in number, with most of them being Muslims, minority Judaism and Christianity.