The Swazi or Swati are Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa, predominantly inhabiting modern Eswatini or formerly Swaziland and Mpumalanga province in South Africa. They are part of Nguni family that can archeologically be traced in East Africa where their traditions beliefs and cultural activities can be traced. The swati people share a unique experience, culture and Royal lineage. Their royal lineage can be traced to a chief named Dlamini I, This is still the ruling clan’s name. The country Swaziland is named after the Mswati II, Who became king in 1839 after the death of his father King Sobhuza who strategically defeated British who occupied Swaziland. The Kingdom of Swaziland was originally occupied by San people.
The dominant Swati language and culture are factors that unify Swazis as a nation since there is no other language spoken except English. Every ethnic group living in Eswatini is identified as Swazis since they spoke siSwati which is related to isiZulu.
The Swazis are related to Xhosa, Zulu, Ndebele, Sotho and Tsonga.
A person can be called liSwati, people emaSwati, language siSwati and Country eSwatini.
Swazis traditionally have been subsistence farmers and herders, but most now work in the growing urban economy.