Cheikh Anta Diop: African Civilization, Myth or Reality

cultural revolution properly understood. All the headlong flights of
certain infantile leftists who try to bypass this effort can be explained
by intellectual inertia, inhibition, or incompetence. The most brilliant
pseudo-revolutionary eloquence ignores that need which must be met
if our peoples are to be reborn culturally and politically. In truth,
many Africans find this vision too beautiful to be true; not so long
ago some of them could not break with the idea that Blacks are non-
existent culturally and historically. It was necessary to put up with
the cliche that Africans had no history and try to start from there to
build something modestly!

Our investigations have convinced us that the West has not been
calm enough and objective enough to teach us our history correctly,
without crude falsifications. Today, what interests me most is to see
the formation of teams, not of passive readers, but of honest, bold re-
search workers, allergic to complacency and busy substantiating and
exploring ideas expressed in our work, such as:
1. Ancient Egypt was a Negro civilization. The history of Black
Africa will remain suspended in air and cannot be written correctly
until African historians dare to connect it with the history of Egypt.
In particular, the study of languages, institutions, and so forth, can-
not be treated properly; in a word, it will be impossible to build Afri-
can humanities, a body of African human sciences, so long as that re-
lationship does not appear legitimate.

The African historian who
evades the problem of Egypt is neither modest nor objective, nor un-
ruffled; he is ignorant, cowardly, and neurotic. Imagine, if you can,
the uncomfortable position of a western historian who was to write
the history of Europe without referring to Greco-Latin Antiquity and
try to pass that off as a scientific approach.

Runoko Rashid: African presence in ancient China

The ancient Egyptians were Negroes. The moral fruit of their civi-
lization is to be counted among the assets of the Black world. Instead
of presenting itself to history as an insolvent debtor, that Black world
is the very initiator of the “western” civilization flaunted before our
eyes today. Pythagorean mathematics, the theory of the four elements
of Thales of Miletus, Epicurean materialism, Platonic idealism, Juda-
ism, Islam, and modern science are rooted in Egyptian cosmogony
and science. One needs only to meditate on Osiris, the redeemer-
god, who sacrifices himself, dies, and is resurrected to save mankind,
a figure essentially identifiable with Christ.

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